Gender Bias in the Courts

NJEP Task Forces

The National Judicial Education Program's (NJEP) judicial education programs were the catalyst for a series of task forces established by state chief justices, state supreme courts and federal circuit councils to examine gender bias in their own court systems and recommend reforms. At its 1988 annual meeting, the Conference of Chief Justices adopted a resolution urging every Chief Justice to establish a task force "devoted to the study of gender bias in the courts." In 1999, the National Conference on Public Trust and Confidence in the Justice System, attended by teams from every state that included the chief justice, state court administrator and state bar president, voted to make implementing the recommendations of the task forces on gender, race and ethnic bias in the courts a priority. The task forces documented discriminatory court decisions, policies and practices and made numerous recommendations to eradicate these barriers to equal justice.


NJEP developed several publications describing how to establish and operate a gender bias task force, implement its recommendations, and evaluate its impact.